36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

I am not an original Canadian but rather as most Canadians are I am an immigrant to the country. There is much to love about Canada but it never truly felt like home to me. So when my husband and I retired and started housesitting around the world starting in Chelem Mexico one of our bucket list destinations was Ireland and the UK. We had to lot to absorb the British quirks and unwritten rules of behaviour. The things to know about England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland do differ from place to place but never forget although these are all considered the United Kingdom they each think of themselves as separate countries.

Visiting Briain: St Paul's Cathedral London England, UK. The cathedral is one of the most famous and most recognisable sights of London.

We are lucky enough to have dual citizenship and so have Irish passports.  So we began our housesitting and travelling journey in Tipperary and have travelled most of Ireland from the Wild Atlantic Way to Dublin. We were pretty well prepared for the eccentricities of the British Isles having grown up with them, so we thought this would be a good chance when visiting Britain to “know before you go”.

In our travels throughout the UK and Ireland, we have noticed many quirks and differences between Canada and the places we visited. We are foodies and do love a historic site or two, but we have noticed some differences and we are learning to overcome them – well in the case of coffee that is. We find hotels and most homes have tea so the coffee is instant which is just bad. Here are some of the things we have learned about living in Europe.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

It’s funny though how when I am in Canada, the U.K. is my home and when I am in the U.K. Canada is home. I am still getting used to that dichotomy. I never thought there would be things I miss about Canada but as I now spend most of my time in Europe here are a few of the things that can confuse a Canadian or American travelling in the U.K.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

Although they are all British

There’s a big difference between the UK, Great Britain and the British Isles – Ireland is a separate country.  The United Kingdom includes England, Wales, Scotland, and N. Ireland. The British Isles includes all that plus up to 6,000 smaller islands around the countries of N. Ireland and the United Kingdom. Keep in mind that those who live in Scotland, Wales or N. Ireland (well maybe not N.Ireland) do not like to be called English which is a point of pride with those from both Wales and Scotland, although the N. Irish don’t mind being called English or British.

before you go to the UK

Things that are British

Pounds and pence

If you are visiting Britain the currency required is Sterling or as we know it pounds and pence. The British pound is represented by the symbol £. Although Scotland and Northern Ireland share the same currency as the rest of the United Kingdom, they both print their own banknotes. A tip here try to stay with the British pound as in many cases you can’t use a Scottish or N. Irish pound in England – we found that out the hard way.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

British Traditions

British traditions are famous worldwide. If you haven’t been to the UK you probably know that the British love their tea, footie (football or what we N. Americans know as soccer), fish & Chips, and of course hitting the pub.

There are also some rather interesting traditions in the UK such as queueing, Fireworks and guys on Bonfire night, rolling the cheese down the hill at Cheddar Gorge and sunbathing anywhere, anytime when a ray of sunshine is spotted. There’s also British banter, taking the piss, being snarky and making sure that you take the mickey out of all. Basically, for those not in the know that means watch out as the British will mock anything and everything and if you can’t give back you won’t fit in.

The art of the queue

One of the very important things British people do is obey the rules of the queue. Everybody queues in the UK and Ireland. Even if there’s not a line in sight and there is only 2 of you-you must queue it’s virtually the law. There is absolutely no queue jumping that’s like a criminal offence.

Things to know about the UK - the art of the queue at the Coca Cola Wheel in London

Energy saving and hotels

Hotels in England have these new energy savers in the rooms where you have to slot your key card into a box to put the lights and sockets on. I made the mistake of forgetting this and tried to charge my phone in the room when I wasn’t in the room – so naturally no charged phone.


You will need a step-down voltage converter a device that can be plugged to 120 volts and it provides an outlet with 230 volts to use your device in Britain. Many hotel rooms now offer USB plugs that your phone can go directly into so double-check.

How to order Coffee in the UK

Not necessarily a double-double, but oh my the ease of ordering a coffee in Canada. I want a coffee  – you know with double cream and 2 sugars. God knows I spent enough time in Ireland and England trying to figure out what the hell a flat white is, let alone an Americano.

before you go to the UK

Before you go to the UK here are 23 charming quirks of Brits

I have learnt to order a black coffee and simply add milk. Cream does not exist here for coffee, there is no coffee creamer in restaurants and cafes. In hotel rooms and B&Bs, there is dominantly vile instant coffee no drip coffee although many private homes have those awful pod coffees.  I know I am living in a tea-drinking world now but I see coffee houses everywhere. So for the uninitiated here is a primer on how to order a coffee.  

Americano  – which is basically a double shot of espresso and hot water. This originated during WWII when the Americans were in Italy and ordered a coffee. They were given a shot of espresso with water added to make it resemble filtered coffee.

White coffee  – a double espresso with hot water and milk.

Latte – a large cup of coffee which is for the most part 1 or 2 shots of espresso and hot milk with a little bit of foam.

Cappuccino –  A double espresso with half hot milk and half milk

A Flat White– apparently originally from Australia this is a double espresso shot topped with hot milk.

I am not even going to begin to get into iced tea

Don’t expect it here and if you do try an order it on a hot day be prepared for the puzzled looks of the wait staff. As for sweet tea just don’t go there. But I do have to mention Builder’s Tea which is strong, sweet and white and very hot as just the thing to fuel a hard-working day. They do now however sell Lipton’s peach tea.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

What to eat in the UK

Chips are Fries and crisps are chips

Yep the British call french fries chips and potato chips are crisps. Both can be made into sandwiches you can have a chip buttie.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

Or you can do what the British do and add your potato chips into your sandwich. A warning British crips come in what we might call weird flavours such as Prawn cocktail, Lamb and Mint Sauce, Roasted Chicken, and Curry flavoured – and they say Canadians are weird with their Ketchup chips.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

59 Traditional British Foods – from the sublime to the WTF

Fries and Gravy

Both do exist here just not together. I have never tried to order a side of gravy it isn’t on most menus but I suspect it would be easy enough and by god, the gravy here is damn good – the real made-with-meat juice stuff. Now chips are French fries and crisps are what a Canadian would call chips. You will also see some very strange flavours here like Roast Chicken, Lamb and Mint, Tandoori, Curry, and prawn. 

An egg salad or tuna salad

Egg Salad and Tuna salad sandwiches are not simply a boiled egg or tuna mashed up with Mayonnaise. It is an actual boiled egg sliced with salad, including lettuce, tomato and cucumber for the most part. Yes, you can buy just a simple salad sandwich as well. Oh, and they add canned (tinned) sweetcorn to virtually everything here. So your tuna salad will be mashed tuna mixed with sweet corn and grated carrot.

before you go to the UK

Mushy peas

When I moved to Canada I dreamed of marrowfat peas but could never find them. Here we have marrowfat peas, mushy peas, processed peas, spring peas a plethora of peas. Marrowfats are peas left to dry naturally on the vine instead of being harvested early and becoming spring peas.

a plate of mushy peas

They are big fat and mush down perfectly unlike those nasty frozen spring peas which pop in your mouth. Mushy peas are simply marrowfat peas with a little sugar and salt added then mashed. Processed peas are simply processed by cooking lightly and canning.

Prawns or Shrimp?

Prawns, shrimp, scampi and langoustines. “Prawn” and “shrimp” are interchangeable: prawns are usually harvested from freshwater and shrimp from salt, and prawns will usually be larger than shrimp. Technically, shrimp and prawns are separate species, shrimps are found in warm water like the Gulf of Mexico and cold water like the Atlantic. Most shrimp are farmed but the colder the water the smaller the shrimp. A prawn resembles a miniature lobster and has sweeter meat.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

The French langoustine, Spanish langostino and Caribbean lobsterette are all prawns, as is the Italian scampi. Oh, and by the way, the British Prawn Cocktail is usually served in a glass and the prawns are mixed with a dressing called a Marie Rose sauce and served on a bed of shredded lettuce.

The North American version is simply a tomato base with horseradish added. The Marie Rose sauce for a prawn cocktail is simply mayonnaise, tomato chutney, Worcestershire sauce, horseradish and Tabasco together. Seasoned to taste with lemon juice and salt and serve cold.


Both Tim Horton’s and Krispy Creme are now available here but not everywhere. Krispy Cremes you can pick up in some train stations such as Baker Street and we were happy to pay  £15.95 for a dozen lol. A box of 12 mixed donuts at Tim’s will set you back £17.99.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

We had some designer doughnuts in Dublin from a reputed doughnut authority. Not impressed at around $5 bucks a doughnut they were heavy, and pretty damn tasteless. The window looked amazing the flavours sounded fantastic but they were merely meh.

They claimed to be sourdough doughnuts – and did taste rather like heavy bread but definitely not sourdough or sour cream come to that. Compare that to the fluffy dream-filled honey-glazed Krispy Creme or the Tim Horton’s Bear Claw and doughnuts become a dream food. You can buy jam doughnuts in the shops here mainly jam or sugar-coated but usually not much variety although they are way cheaper at 4 for £1.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit


I found that muffins here tend to be rather a cake or cupcake-like affair. Often very sweet and featuring chocolate chips or jam I am still looking for a Morning Glory or a Raspberry Bran muffin. It seems they like them sweet and cakey here unlike our sweet and fibre-filled Tim’s versions.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

45 Great British Desserts


A sandwich by any other name from chip butties to bacon butties the great British butty is a treat with its hot filling causing oozy melty butter a delicious childhood memory.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

Indian food

Thank god is everywhere, not as much in Ireland as the UK but you will see that Indian food places outnumber fast food here by a long mile.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

Sunday Roast Dinner

Served everywhere in the UK a Sunday roast is inevitable – restaurants usually call it a carvery. You can have your choice of roasted meats but they are almost always accompanied by roast potatoes, mashed turnips, Yorkshire puddings, lashings of gravy, and red cabbage which is curiously sweet and disgusting. The lunch is usually served with a condiment – for example, roast beef calls for horseradish, Lamb with mint sauce, Chicken or turkey with Cranberry sauce and pork with applesauce.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

Full English Breakfast

This is a calorie-laden fill-your-belly delight. Toast, tea, sausages, bacon, mushrooms, tomatoes, beans, and eggs any which way you, please. In N. Ireland it is often accompanied by fadge or potato pancakes and the Brits have not taken to that awful frozen “hash brown” thing. 

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit


Chocolate stuff, I don’t care what anyone says British chocolate is superb. Compared to American chocolate it is creamier, and not as plasticky tasting. It could be the difference in cocoa used, it could be the milk who cares it tastes better.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

British healthcare and meds

Aspirin and meds

Medications – do you know you can walk into a chemist (pharmacy) and buy 32 Panadol extra strength (which is like Tylenol) for .65p that’s around .35 cents Canadian. An antihistamine that will set you back $20 bucks in Canada costs the equivalent of a $1 here for 7 pills. Outstanding until you realize just how ripped off we are as North Americans on drug pricing. Warning here though you can only buy a limited amount of paracetamol or aspirin because you know you may start a meth lab or build bombs.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

The British don’t allow you to buy more than two packets of paracetamol (500 mg) in one sale, it is illegal to sell more than 100 tablets of paracetamol (500 mg) or aspirin (75–300 mg) in one sale. This is due to a large number of overdoses that were happening around the UK.


Healthcare costs are much cheaper than in the U.S. for around $50 you can walk into a doctor and get treated and your potential prescription will cost at least 80% less than in the U.S. In addition, if you have what is considered a permanent condition such as diabetes all your meds and healthcare for that condition are free.

Driving in the UK

Gas Stations

Filling Stations and Petrol Stations are essentially gas stations but with clean washroom facilities and are very often connected to a shop that sells everything from sandwiches to fresh vegetables. What you will find is that the price of gas is double or more than what you pay in North America.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

Traffic Lights

Here in the U.K and Ireland traffic lights are very different, amber means get ready to go not get ready to stop. Additionally, the traffic lights are positioned differently, they are directly in front of you when you pull up to the corner – not across the street-facing you. You will also see really cool gay-friendly traffic lights.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit


Roundabouts are the fearsome bane of many a N. American they are pretty easy and quick once you get used to them. The “official” rule is in the Highway Code – GIVE WAY to traffic already on the roundabout, or approaching from the right, UNLESS road markings/signs indicate otherwise. It’s nothing to do with “crossing paths”. 

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

Driving on the left

While 75% of the world drives on the right British road laws go back to feudal times when it was safer to be on the left-hand side of the road in case you needed to draw a sword. So being on the left-hand side has its roots in medieval history.

British pub culture

Pub hours

Pubs closing times most pubs close at 11.00 although some stay open until midnight on Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays. Sundays it is 10.30. Children under 16 are allowed into pubs accompanied by adults, Kids over 16 are allowed into pubs anytime without adults but cannot be served alcohol, and dogs are allowed into pubs with a Beer garden.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

What to drink in a pub

If you’re not a drinker or you’re the designated driver, there are always options in a pub (boozer as it’s called here), there’s alcohol-free beer and gin and of course soft drinks. If you’re a drinker, then the usual order at a pub consists of lager, ale, bitter and spirits. A request for lager, ale or bitter will usually get you a whole pint unless you specify you want half! You can also order a Shandy which is a lager mixed with lemonade which in the UK is like a 7-up pop.

It is unlikely pubs will be able to serve you fancy cocktails, although these days many cocktails are available in upmarket pubs.

How do you order drinks in a pub?

In almost all pubs you need to order your drink at the bar, so don’t wait around for someone to take your order from your table. Busy times in pubs are usually after work and at weekends so be prepared. In some pubs, you can leave your credit card at the bar and run a tab.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

Do you leave a tip?

You don’t normally tip bar staff in the UK. If you want to say thanks, then offer to buy them a drink. They can then choose to accept the drink or take the value of the drink in the form of a tip.


The British whine about the rain and bad weather all the time. According to the Met Office Climate data, over the 30-year period, there were 106.5 days of rainfall per year on average (which counts as a day in which 1mm of rainfall or overfell). This means that there was rainfall on 29 per cent of days per year and on average it didn’t rain on 71 per cent of days per year. The average rainfall is 557.4mm with 1410 “sunshine hours.”

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

Want to celebrate Christmas in London? 

Shopping in the UK

What is VAT?

Value-added tax (VAT) is a sales tax, which is built into anything you purchase in the UK. You may be able to get a VAT refund if you are leaving the country to go home in many shops you will be eligible to buy goods and get the VAT returned to you when you leave the country. Make sure to ask the shop if they provide this service, you will need your passport to prove your residency in another country.

British Sizing

Be aware when buying clothing and shoes in the UK that the sizing is very different from in North America. Typical shoe sizes run smaller so if you take a 10 ladies in Canada or the US in the UK it will be an 8. Clothing sizes are also very different, if you wear an 18 in North America you will need at least a 20-22 in the UK in most shops.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

Historic site passes

Three popular passes are the London Pass, English Heritage membership, and National Trust membership, all of which can offer considerable savings on popular visitor attractions. You can find more details on other London Discount cards here and the VisitBritain online shop has details of other passes such as the Edinburgh Pass and the English Heritage Overseas Visitor Pass. These passes will give you hundreds of sites to visit in the UK at discounted prices.

36 Things to know about the UK before you visit

So, there you have it! These are the things you need to know on your visit to Britain. Remember to pack an umbrella and a sense of humour, be prepared for a bit of queuing, and always say please and thank you – even when ordering a pint at the pub. The UK may be small in size, but it’s big on history, culture, and quirky traditions. Embrace it all with open arms (and maybe a stiff upper lip) and you’ll have an unforgettable trip across the pond. Cheers!

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36 Things to know about the UK before you visit
Faith Coates
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