Avebury Henge England – the largest stone circle in the world

Most North Americans have heard of Stonehenge the towering ancient monument and stone circle megalith in the South of England but few have heard of the Avebury stones and stone circle, which is a much more accessible place as well as being a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Avebury Henge an aerial view
By Detmar Owen – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,

Stonehenge and the Avebury neolithic standing stones, in Wiltshire, are among the most famous groups of stone circles in the worldand the stone circle is the largest in the world. The two areas consist of circles of menhirs (stones) arranged in a pattern whose astronomical significance is still being explored. According to UNESCO “these holy places and the nearby Neolithic sites are an incomparable testimony to prehistoric times”.

Due to tourists and vandals, Stonehenge has become a location that you can only access from a distance, there is no longer any way to get close to the stones and the tickets to visit are very expensive running around £25 for each adult. The Avebury stone circle is free to visit the stones but you can pay for a ticket to see the museum and Manor House.

However, there is a way to see Stonehenge for free that is all in this article by the Travelling Lindfields on How to See Stonehenge for free.

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Avebury history

The Avebury complex is one of the principal ceremonial sites of Neolithic Britain It was built and altered over many centuries from about 2850 BC until about 2200 BC and is one of the largest, and the most complex, of Britain’s surviving Neolithic henge monuments. Today Avebury henge and stone circles are managed by The National Trust on behalf of English Heritage, and the two organisations share the cost of managing and maintaining the property.

Avebury world heritage site is the largest prehistoric stone circle in the world. The Avebury Stones together with inter-related monuments, and their associated landscapes, demonstrate ceremonial practices dating back 2000 years. At Avebury, there are related areas that include Windmill Hill, the West Kennet Long Barrow, the Sanctuary, Silbury Hill, the West Kennet and Beckhampton Avenues, the West Kennet Palisade Enclosures, and important barrows.

Frequently Asked Questions – Visiting the Avebury Stone Circle

1. What is the Avebury Stone Circle?

The Avebury Stone Circle is a Neolithic monument located in Wiltshire, England. It is one of the largest stone circles in the world and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

2. How do I get to Avebury Stone Circle?

To reach the Stone Circle at Avebury, you can drive or take public transportation to the village of Avebury in Wiltshire.

3. Are there any other important sites near Avebury Stone Circle?

Yes, nearby attractions include Silbury Hill, West Kennet Long Barrow, and the West Kennet Avenue.

4. Can I visit Avebury Stone Circle for free?

Entry to the Avebury Monument is free for National Trust and English Heritage members. Non-members may be required to pay an admission fee.

5. What is the significance of Avebury Stone Circle?

The Henge Monument at Avebury is believed to have had ritualistic and ceremonial purposes during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.

6. Are there guided tours available at Avebury Stone Circle?

Yes, both self-guided tours and guided tours led by experts are available to explore Avebury and Stonehenge.

7. What should I know about Avebury Village?

The Village of Avebury is picturesque and offers amenities such as cafes, shops, and accommodation options for visitors.

8. Can I touch the stones at Avebury Stone Circle?

While visitors are allowed to get close to the stones, it is recommended to respect the site’s ancient heritage and avoid climbing on or touching the Stone Circle Stones.

9. How long does it take to explore Avebury and the surrounding area?

Depending on your pace and interest, a visit to around Avebury and its associated sites can range from a few hours to a full day of exploration.

10. Is Avebury Stone Circle accessible to individuals with mobility issues?

Exploring the stone circle is possible in both the north-west and south-west sectors with a wheelchair or mobility scooter, although the terrain may be uneven.

Avebury henge in England the stones have had a village built around them

What is a henge?

Henge Definition: Archaeologists define a ‘henge’ as having a ditch on the inside and a bank on the outside; Stonehenge is the other way around.  Having a ditch inside a bank is not a practical arrangement for defensive purposes, so henges are assumed to have had a ritual function. A henge is also called a stone circle or a menhir and they can be found all over Europe.

panoramic view of Avebury Henge

A henge is a bank and ditch with a larger outer stone circle and two smaller inner circles within the centre. The original purpose remains a mystery to this day, although it is believed that the most likely use was for ceremonies or rituals. The Avebury site is part of a larger prehistoric landscape that includes Silbury Hill, the largest man-made hill in Europe and the West Kennet Long Barrow which is a tomb, Windmill Hill, The Sanctuary and Beckhampton Avenue, the West Kennet Palisade Enclosures and other important barrows. Avebury is part of an extraordinary set of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial sites that seemingly formed a vast sacred landscape.

The full definition of a henge is a ” nearly circular or oval flat area over 65 feet across that is enclosed by a boundary earthwork that comprises a ditch with an external bank pierced by one, two, or four entrances”. The most famous true henge in the UK is Avebury, about 20 miles north of Stonehenge.

Avebury Henge - the largest stone circle in the world

The Avebury Stones Circle

Neolithic stone circles

Over 6000 years ago the people living in this area of Wiltshire also built a Neolithic stone henge which is comprised of 3 circles and is the most important site of its kind in Europe.  Avebury Henge has been a place of worship and religious importance for centuries.

Avebury Henge - the largest stone circle in the world

Map of Avebury Henge & Village

Avebury is a treat to visit, the henge sits in and around a stereotypical English village although over the many years since it was built many of the stones have been moved to accommodate crops and build houses.

Avebury Henge - the largest stone circle in the world

Hundreds of years ago the Avebury Henge was not considered a monument and a place to be revered it was a nuisance and the giant rocks just got in the way of doing business so to speak.  It is only in recent years that the Henge has come under the guidance of the National Trust and English Heritage and become a revered monument. The real brutal assault on the fabric of the Avebury Henge appears to have begun in the late 17th Century when the local inhabitants found ways of breaking up the stones so they could be used as a building material.

It was William Stukeley an English antiquarian, physician and Anglican clergyman who pioneered the investigation of both the prehistoric monuments and bronze age sites of Avebury and Stonehenge. He published over 20 books on these and other important sites in his life.


In the Middle Ages, the stones may have been associated with pagan and devil worship and many were either buried or destroyed. Later building and agricultural improvements led to others being removed.

The ditch and bank formation that surrounds the Avebury Henge has to be one of the most amazing feats of engineering in the world. In early photographs taken when the ditch was being excavated, it was discovered that the depth was originally around 55 feet deep, with a length of just over a kilometre.  These days erosion and silting have reduced the ditch to about a third of its original depth.

Where is Avebury England?

Avebury Henge is located in Marlborough, Wiltshire, and truth be told it will be easier to rent a car and drive to the Henge from London which is around a 3-hour journey. There are buses and trains but the travel time is around 4 hours.

The site is open every day, from dawn to dusk. Hours for the museum and Avebury Manor vary with the seasons. Check the National Trust website for opening times.

While entry to the stone circles and outdoor features is free you will pay £7 to park and camper vans are charged £11. Adult admission to the Alexander Keiller Museum costs £5. Avebury Manor and Garden is priced separately, at £11.

How to visit the Avebury Henge

Avebury is a Neolithic henge that contains three stone circles, around the village of Avebury in Wiltshire, in southwest England. Avebury is approximately 2 hours from London give or take the driving conditions.

One of the best-known prehistoric sites in Britain, it contains the largest megalithic stone circle in the world. It is both a tourist attraction and a place of great spiritual importance to pagan and Wiccan worshipers, You can get to Avebury via bus and train however the journey will take anywhere up to 4 hours travel time.

Avebury Henge standing stones

There are four entrances to the circle each roughly at the cardinal points of the compass. From the south and west entrances going away from the henge are the remains of two stone avenues. The Beckhampton Avenue which runs from the west entrance is barely evident today although, almost a mile from the henge, the two Longstones still stand to reveal where it once existed. After passing through the ditch visitors come upon a large circle of sarsen stones that wrap around about 28 acres of land.

Avebury henge and stone circles are one of the greatest marvels of prehistoric Britain.

West Kennet Avenue and The Sanctuary – Avebury and associated sites

The West Kennet Avenue which runs from the southern entrance has survived much better and still presents a spectacle as it stretches across the countryside on its way to joining with the small circle of the mysterious but now destroyed Sanctuary a mile and a half distant.

By the latter stages of Avebury’s construction, at least two, and potentially up to four, stone avenues were crafted to extend from the circle, linking it with neighboring Neolithic sites. Among these avenues was the West Kennet Avenue, stretching 2.4 kilometers, which once connected to ‘The Sanctuary’—a circular monument comprised of stone and timber located on Overton Hill. Restored extensively by Keiller, this grand avenue of imposing stones has been seamlessly integrated back into the site, reclaiming its integral role in Avebury’s landscape.

Car Park at Avebury Henge

Driving into the village the Avebury henge stones appear out of nowhere they encircle the whole village.  The National Trust Avebury manages the henge and their car park has clear directions and is the only place to park, the cost is £7 per day, although the Henge is free to wander. There is a shortcut path from the car park to the village and a loop around the stones.

The Red Lion a thatched pub near Avebury Henge

Best things to do in Avebury Village

The village of Avebury is quintessentially English with thatched cottages, a lovely church and bucolic scenes of sheep meandering around the stones. It sits within the stone circles of the Avebury Henge.

Avebury Henge - the largest stone circle in the world

There is a walking path all around the henge and you can wander the fields (watch out for sheep poop) to venture up close and personal with the stones (advice here is to wear good hiking boots or shoes and be careful the paths are slippery with mud and sheep leftovers).

the village of Avebury near the henge with its thatched roof cottages

The village sits within the Avebury Henge and is very pretty with lovely thatched houses and the church of St. James which has a long history going back to Saxon times.

Alexander Keiller Museum

There is also a fine manor house alongside which is the Alexander Keiller Museum. This contains a lot of information about the archaeology of the monuments and has many fascinating artefacts from the area on display.

Alexander Keiller Museum

There is also the Barn Gallery which also contains some interesting “hands-on” exhibits and other information supplied by the National Trust under whose care the monuments now fall. Tickets for the Manor and the Museum cost around £11 per adult, but they are not necessary to visit the stones themselves.

St. James Church Avebury

St. James Church

Off the High Street is St James Church, visitors are welcome and you can go inside. The church has a long history going back to Saxon times, though much of it you see now is medieval. Within is a rare example of a medieval rood-loft once hidden but rediscovered in 1810. It also contains a font believed to be of Saxon origin and later adorned with some interesting carvings during the Norman period.

Avebury Manor

Avebury Manor is a Tudor manor house of monastic origin. You can take a tour to a part of the house and gardens most afternoons and you can actually touch the items and experience the Manor as a truly lived home. It sits almost directly behind the Church and can be accessed at the back of the church grounds

Avebury Henge - the largest stone circle in the world

There is also a Dovecote, normally open so you can see the perches for the birds and a National Trust cafe provides snacks and meals (somewhat expensive so it may be better to pack a picnic lunch).

dovecote at Avebury

The Avebury Henge Shop 

The Henge Shop at Avebury is an independent shop, and if you love the mystical, magical or alternative this is the place for you. This quirky shop has a brilliant alternative/new age/mystical book section and it stocks loads of postcards if your own pictures of the stones don’t measure up.  The shop also contains a wide range of small gifts from gold, silver and pewter jewellery, scarfs and woollens, t-towels, tee shirts, hats, dowsing rods, minerals and fossils, enough to please any new age pagan.

The Henge Shop exterior at Avebury

Once you have finished visiting the Avebury Henge take some time to grab a bite at Avebury’s most famous pub the  Red Lion before either hiking over to Silbury Hill or just grabbing your car from the parking lot, turning right upon exiting and following the signposts, you will see the remarkable hill just off in the distance.

Visiting Silbury Hill

Silbury Hill remains one of the most enigmatic monuments left by our prehistoric ancestors. Despite various attempts to use tunnels to try and discover the secrets of this 130 feet high wonder of engineering it still continues to baffle and impress us. The Hill is the largest man-made monument of its kind in Europe and currently is fenced off to protect it from erosion and tourist damage but it is a quiet serene sight to visit.

Silbury Hill near Avebury Henge

West Kennet Long Barrow

Beyond Silbury Hill and on the other side of the main A4 road you will find the West Kennet Long Barrow which is the largest example of a barrow tomb in the UK. Peering through the trees you will see the East Kennet Long Barrow, it is somewhat larger than the West Barrow and still waits to be investigated.

To visit Avebury Henge, tourists can take a guided tour or simply wander through the site on their own. The henge at Avebury is laid out in a way that allows visitors to walk among the stones and experience the ancient monument up close. At Avebury, the two smaller stone circles offer a glimpse into the neolithic past of the area, making it a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.

One of the best websites with a vast archive of information is the Avebury Web, it details the archaeological digs, the history, and vandalism, and speculates on the nature of the mystery that is Avebury.

Interested in reading more about England and this area check out these articles.

20 Magnificient Cathedrals in England to see

Visiting the extraordinary Chiltern Hills of England

22 of the Best cities to visit in England

38 Seaside towns in the UK to visit

Uffington White Horse, England’s mysterious chalk figure


  • Faith was born in Ireland raised in Canada and has lived in over 10 countries in Europe including England, Ireland, Scotland, France, Spain, Northern Ireland, Wales, along with Mexico, Antigua, the US and has slow travelled to over 40 countries around the world. Graduating with a degree in Anthropology and Women's Studies Faith is a student of history, culture, community and food and has written about these topics for over 40 years.

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