Great Canadian Food
47 Canadian foods you must try
I got a bit tired of these articles talking about the top 10 Canadian dishes or the 17 dishes you need to eat in Canada. Truth is Canada is a vast and gorgeous country with so much more to offer than Nanaimo bars and poutine. Our history of gathering in immigrants and refugees from all over the world has led Canada to be a first-class food world and we have way more to show than 10 top dishes.
I’ve put together a list of over 47 great Canadian foods that you should try when you visit. Or even if you live in Canada you may want to step out of your KD Mac and Cheese box to tempt your palate with something truly uniquely Canadian.
The old standbys the top 10 Canadian Foods:
I think probably that poutine would be considered the National Dish of Canada. Created in the 1950s in Quebec it has become a firm favourite right across the country. There’s not many Canadian Food dishes that you can also find stretching from Hong Kong to Europe, but poutine is there.
I have to say it isn’t my favourite Canadian food, I’m just not sure about cheese and gravy. Anyways, poutine is served all over Canada but it originated in Quebec. The hand-cut fries need to be perfectly crispy on the outside and fluffy on the inside the cheese curds have to be squeaky very squeaky and the beef gravy must be rich, thick and tasty.
Another Québécois favourite this pie is available again all over Canada. This pie must have a pastry top and bottom and is packed with a mix of veal and pork meat. Seasoned with the usual salt and pepper and the unusual cinnamon and cloves. This used to be a traditional pie for Christmas but now its eaten every time of year.
Quebec is one of the most fabulous foodie destinations in Canada and I am a huge fan of Montreal there are just so many things to do in Montreal and not just eating constantly (although that is my favourite).
These just happen to be a family favourite. Our big mastiff got into one of these a few years ago and he was like a human child on speed, the sugar went straight to his head and he zipped around the house destroying everything. The next day he slept all day.
A good butter tart is made from simple ingredients butter and sugar in a shortcrust pastry. Traditionalists would say it should have raisins but there are also plain versions and those with walnuts or pecans. I like my butter tarts gooey with crispiness from the caramelized sugar on the bottom.
Need to know how to make proper Canadian Butter Tarts well Julia of Vikalinka has a fantastic recipe on her site that her husband baked and they look truly fabulous as only a great Canadian food could.
If you think butter tarts sound teeth-achingly sweet try the Nanaimo Bar. They must have three layers, a base of cracker crumbs and coconut. Sweet custard for the middle and a chocolate ganache-like topping. You can now get these is all kinds of flavours but a traditional one is these three layers.
Jane has a brilliant recipe for gluten-free Nanaimo bars on her website The Heritage Cook and they are delicious.
Ketchup and all Dressed Potato Chips
God only knows why Canadian love Ketchup flavoured potato chips (crisps) but they do. Another favourite All Dressed which is exactly what it sounds like. Chips with a little BBQ flavour, salt and vinegar, ketchup, and that other Canadian favourite chip sour cream and onion. Sounds revolting but actually pretty tasty.
Americans claim their Vermont maple syrup is the best but we Canadians know better Canadian maple syrup is the world’s best.
We love it in cakes, cookies and candy, but best of all in early spring we head to the nearest sugar shack at Maple syrup time and pour fresh syrup onto packed snow and tuck into our maple taffy.
We save these glorious treats for our sugar hit at festivals and fairs throughout the summer months. A delicious oval of deep-fried dough that we cover in toppings from peanut butter and chocolate to strawberries and cream. They are hot, melty, gooey piles of deliciousness.
Montreal Smoked Meat
Oh, I do miss Schwartz’s Deli Montreal smoked meat. Now pretty much every deli in Canada carries a version of this delicacy. It is a close relative to pastrami but not the same at all.
Pastrami is usually made with dense, fatty navel while smoked meat comes from leaner, stringier brisket. Pastrami is usually brined while smoked meat is dry-rubbed with curing salt. You can see the difference as well the smoked meat is a dark rich red and Pastrami a sort of insipid pink.
Montreal style bagels
Yes, there is a difference between New York bagels and Montreal Bagels. Montreal’s are boiled in water with honey and are a little sweeter than NY style. The biggest difference though is that Montreal’s are cooked in wood-fired ovens giving them a much deeper, richer crunchier crust. Heaven with some BC smoked salmon and a schmear.
Caesar Cocktail (not a bloody Mary)
The Caesar was invented in 1969 by restaurant manager Walter Chell of the Calgary Inn (today the Westin Hotel) in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Containing vodka, tomato juice and clam juice, a shot of Tabasco hot sauce and another shot of Worcestershire sauce, the drink is served over ice in a salt-rimmed and celery garnished glass. A favourite of Canadians across the country.
More off the beaten path Canadian Cuisine
Saskatoon Berries – pie and jams
Only found out in the Saskatchewan prairies the Saskatoon berry gave Saskatoon Saskatchewan its name. The name comes from a Cree word misâskwatômina. A favourite of Canada’s indigenous peoples who taught the white guys how to survive in the brutal winters the berry is used as a flavour and preservative for pemmican a dried meat snack. These days the sweet nutty berries are used in pies, jams, wine, cider beer and are being grown as a speciality product for cereals and trail mixes.
Fiddleheads or Fiddlehead greens are the furled fronds of a young fern, harvested for use as a vegetable. Another great vegetable that we can thank our indigenous people for teaching us about. The fiddlehead comes from the Ostrich fern and they grow in wild wet areas of Eastern Canada. The Maliseet, Mi’kmaq, and Penobscot have traditionally harvested fiddleheads, and the vegetable was introduced first to the immigrants and refugees from Great Britain.
Bannock and Indian Tacos
Bannock is something a lot of folks here about as a Canadian food, but again it was the indigenous peoples of Canada who taught folks how to make bannock to help boost their carb intakes back in the day.Bannock is a baking powder bread that native people in Canada made from flour derived from corn, roots, tree sap and baking powder. I must add here that baking powder was invented by the indigenous peoples from ashes and was exported by those flour producers sending flour to Great Britain. In the Irish tradition of soda bread, it was the native Indians of North America who gave them the ability to use this leavening agent.
The name Bannock probably came about from dominantly Scottish settlers in Canada at the time but the word has many original translations into languages such as the Inuit muqpaura. These days you can find several Indigenous restaurants all around Canada specializing in native foods and ingredients from game meats to corn, beans and squash (the 3 sisters) and producing fabulous dishes such as Indian Tacos.
Great Lakes Perch
In the summer months, the Great Lakes yellow perch can be found on menus up and down Lake Ontario and Lake Erie. Restaurants serve the perch lightly fried and usually with a great plate of fries. It’s a hardy little fish with white flesh when Cooked, the lean meat is white, with a mild, sweet flavour and firm but flaky texture.
Canadian Peameal Bacon
In Canada, Peameal bacon is made from pork loin and if it is “cured” it’s usually in a basic brine of salt and sugar. The loin is then rolled in ground yellow peas or sometimes cornmeal. It is sweet, juicy and makes a brilliant bacon sarnie.
A pretty controversial dish made dominantly on the east coast of Canada in Newfoundland and Labrador. Chefs like Anthony Bourdain have said that it is sustainable and a healthy source of protein but others vehemently disagree. It’s made with the flippers of harp seals hunted for meat every spring. It takes someone who grew up with this to enjoy it and they say it’s like a dark meat game pie. It’s cooked in a thick sauce with vegetables and has a crust top and bottom.
French Canadian yellow split pea soup
Very similar to split pea and ham soup but made with yellow split peas. This traditional soup came to be known as Habitant Pea Soup and can now be found in a can in most grocery stores. It is believed it came to Canada from France with the French immigrants.
Another Quebecois favourite it is believed this was created by French factory workers during the depression. Pouding chômeur means unemployed man pudding is essentially a cake that has hot maple sugar syrup poured over it. When the cake bakes the sugar syrup settles on the bottom creating a sauce. during the Depression, the “cake” was usually leftover stale bread.
The happy result of wine grapes freezing in the brutal Ontario winter in 1984 when the grapes froze on the vine. In 1991 the Canadian Ice Wine won an international wine trophy and history was made. By the early 2000s, Canada was established as the largest producer of ice wine in the world
A Montreal favourite a steamed hot dog in a soft bun served with the traditional toppings of mustard, chopped onion, and fresh coleslaw or plain chopped cabbage NOT sauerkraut. It never includes ketchup and no relish.
From Nova Scotia, this dish is a stew or soup containing fresh vegetables such as small baby potatoes or new potatoes, fresh peas, green beans and wax beans as well as carrots. These vegetables are cooked in a milk broth that contains butter, pepper and salt. Commonly, this dish is accompanied by corned beef from a can.
A sort of version of a blintz A ploye is a pancake type mix of buckwheat flour, wheat flour, baking powder and water which is extremely popular New Brunswick. Served with maple syrup or often with Chicken Frico pie it has the appearance of a crepe rather than a thick pancake.
Originating in the maritime provinces from the French folks who became Acadians a fricot pie is simply a meat stew. Slow-cooked with potatoes, onions seasonal vegetables and served with dumplings instead of pastry. Usually, it used an older chicken that had stopped laying and it took a while to tenderize the meat so slow cooking was required.
Not a desert as you may think but a meat sausage. From Nova Scotia its made with pork, beef, onions and mixed spices with summer savoury being the dominant flavour. Served at breakfast and other meals much like the English or Irish Black pudding or the Scottish White pudding this is a perennial east coast favourite.
Rappie pie is very common in southwest Nova Scotia and areas of PEI. It is thought that the name comes from “patates râpées” which is grated potatoes. The potatoes are grated then strained of liquid and then cooked again with a meat broth, onions and this potato layer is then layered with chicken, beef or clams resulting in Rappie Pie.
Grunts are a Canadian Maritimes type of fruit cobbler, typically cooked on the stovetop, or in an iron skillet or pan, with the dough on top in the shape of dumplings. Supposedly the dumplings make a grunting noise when cooking but I must admit I’ve never heard it although I do love a Blueberry Grunt. They reportedly take their name from the grunting sound they make while cooking.
A lot of this traditional Canadian food come from Newfoundland or “the Rock” as we call it and you can’t go wrong with the best food blogger in Canada for excellent recipes – Rock Recipes is the site you want to check out.
A boiled pudding that is multi-dimensional both sweet and savoury – well sort of. Blueberry duff is made with a cake type of batter poured in cheesecloth or a cotton bag. The bag is tied at the top and the resulting bag is dropped into a Jiggs dinner pot. The end result is a rather pale unappetizing “pudding” of sorts that is served either with your Jiggs dinner as a side dish or sliced and served with rum sauce for tea and afters.
Uses my very (not) favourite vegetable turnip also known as swede. Other ingredients include Salt beef, potatoes, carrot, cabbage, turnip greens all boiled up and served with Blueberry duff. Usually drenched in a thin gravy and sometimes cranberry sauce, mustard and pickles on the side.
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Vancouver spot prawns
A west coast delicacy and only available for around 6 weeks a year in spring the spot prawn meat is soft and sweet. There’s even a Spot Prawn Festival you can attend to eat your fill of these little seafood delights.
Indigenous people need to be thanked again for this tasty sweet and smoky treat. The first candied versions of it became known as “Indian Candy”. This used the best wild-caught salmon which is marinaded then brined and cold smoked. The salmon “rests” for a while and is then cold smoke with glazes of maple sugar brushed over the salmon many times. A sweet-salty totally addictive treat Salmon candy should be on everyone’s must-eat list. You can order yours from Amazon
Cretons Quebec pate
A sort of Quebecois pate made from pork, onions and spices. Usually served on toast of ployes as part of a traditional Quebec breakfast.
Oreilles de crisse
Essentially pork scratchings or pork rinds that are dipped in maple syrup usually in a sugar shack during the maple sugar harvest. Another heavenly marriage of salty and sweet.
Who could beat a favourite Newfoundland treat? A Touton is a deep fired fresh bread dough that is cooked and then dipped in Maple Syrup or molasses. Sort of like a pancake the toutons used to be fried in pork fat and served with the main course but these days are more likely to be a sweet dessert.
A doughnut from Thunder Bay a sort of cake/doughnut hybrid the doughnuts are very simple a puffed raised ball coated in strawberry flavoured pink icing.
Moon Mist Ice Cream
Only available in the Maritimes Moon Mist ice cream has been around for years a combination of banana, blue raspberry and grape the Instagrammers love it.
One of the only “pop” type beverages that I enjoy a Canadian Cream Soda is very different from those found around the rest of the world. Canadian cream soda is not vanilla-flavoured in the same way that other cream sodas are it’s more of a sweet cotton candy flavour. The bonus is that you can buy Canadian Cream Soda from Amazon.
We are famous for our ice wine but what the heck do you do with frozen apples? Well in Quebec they are making cider from them. An Eastern Ontario treat the apples are frozen and pressed very slowly to preserve what juice is left. Served with a cheese board at the end of the meal superb!
Newfoundland Screech rum is made from a blend of imported Jamaican rum, water from Newfoundland, caramel colour and flavouring. It’s typically quite “raw” in taste and said to be extremely potent. The great Newfie tradition of downing a shot of screech and kissing the cod makes you a true “Newfie”.
Timbits and a Double Double
Tim Horton’s are on virtually every corner in every town and village across Canada. One of the first coffee shops that opened in Canada by a former Hockey Player (Tim Horton) these chains have become a Canadian addiction.
A Double-Double is two creams and two sugars and timbits are the doughnut holes which are available in boxes of 10, the ’20s and upwards. The great office wakeup needs its Tims and Timbits.
- A London Fog
Made up of Earl Grey tea, milk and vanilla syrup, this steamy concoction originated in Vancouver and can be found across Canada. It is essentially a tea latte but according to my sources, it is a fabulous soothing drink. You can find a great recipe on Life with Dee.
So there you have it not a miserly menu of 10 top Canadian food or 5 Canadian cuisine favourites. We have much to be thankful for in Canada. First for the indigenous people who taught our ancestors to survive this harsh land. Secondly for those who brought their food traditions with them and creating a Canadian cuisine to be proud of.
So what is your favourite Canadian food? Did I miss any?