Newgrange is Neolithic Must See in Ireland
You can’t see Newgrange from the road that leads to the Brú na Bóinne Visitors Centre. You will walk down a shaded pathway (which is accessible for all including wheelchairs) that leads to the centre. You will get your ticket at a cost of €7 Euros and that will give you access to the megalith and the museum, all access to the monument is controlled via the visitors centre which helps maintain the integrity and security of the site. Once you purchase your ticket, you will take a short walk over the River Boyne and up to the area where the shuttle buses will take you to the site. This is all completely accessible and the buses do have wheelchair lifts. Once you arrive at the site, you will wait for a guide to take you up to the tomb.
Newgrange is Neolithic monument that was constructed about 5,200 years ago (3,200 B.C.) which makes it older than Stonehenge and the Great Pyramids of Giza. Newgrange is a large circular mound 85 meters (93 yards) in diameter and 13.5 meters (15 yards) high with a 19 meter (21 yard) stone passageway and chambers inside. The mound is ringed by 97 large curbstones, some of which are engraved with symbols of megalithic art.
Newgrange was built by a farming community that lived on the rich lands of the Boyne Valley. Knowth and Dowth are similar mounds that together with Newgrange have been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. You can also see from the front of the tomb smaller tombs down in the valley that are waiting to be excavated.
Excavations began in 1962 and revealed that the tomb at Knowth was what is known as a multi-period site. There are 18 smaller tombs surrounding the largest mound, at least two of which are even older than it is. Dowth is the least well known of the three great tombs of the Boyne Valley. It has not yet been excavated, but initial investigations reveal two passage tombs within the mound.
Of the three main passage tombs in the Boyne Valley, Newgrange has always attracted the most attention. Little did anyone know that the tomb held a secret that was not revealed for many years. Archaeologists initially classified Newgrange as a passage tomb, but these days it is recognized as a much more important site and more likely a temple of worship. It is a place of great religious and spiritual significance which is abundantly clear when it comes time to celebrate the Winter Solstice.
The passageway within Newgrange is just less than 60 feet long and leads into a chamber with three side recesses. This chamber is roofed by a corbelled vault, which has remained intact and watertight without any conservation or repair. The cairn (stone mound) that covers the chamber is estimated to weigh 200,000 tons and is retained at its base by 97 massive curbstones.
The recess on the right side of the tomb as you enter is the largest and most ornately decorated. On the floor of lie, two stone basins, one inside the other. The outer basin is shaped from solid granite, as opposed to the other two recesses, which were carved from sandstone. Archaeologists believe that these stone basins once held the remains of the dead. The remains of five bodies were recovered inside, though the original number was believed to be much higher. The tomb was disturbed prior to excavation it remains unknown how many might have been interred here. Most of the bones found had been cremated, with only small amounts left un-burned. The artifacts found with the bones were beads made of bone as well as pendants and polished stone balls.
A stone circle of 12 menhirs (upright boulders) surrounds Newgrange. Originally, there may have been more, after the excavation of the woodhenge; it became clear that the stone circle was erected sometime after 2000 B.C.
It was in 1962 that the first major excavation of the site began. After the excavation, the interior passage was straightened and enclosed by a second passage (now unseen) in order to relieve the pressure from the weight of the mound. The original facade of white quartz was rebuilt using stone found at the site. The height and angle of the facade match the original and were calculated by measurements taken from the collapsed retaining wall.
Above the entrance to the passage at Newgrange there is a window-like opening called a roof-box. This was the secret of Newgrange because until it was discovered no one was aware that sunlight penetrates the chamber on the shortest days of the year, around December 21, the winter solstice. At dawn, a narrow beam of light penetrates the roof-box and reaches the floor of the chamber, gradually extending to the rear of the passage. As the sun rises higher, the beam widens within the chamber so that the whole room becomes dramatically illuminated. This event lasts for 17 minutes, the tour guides at the site demonstrate this within the tomb and it is an awe inspiring sight to see that golden light coming into the tomb and ending in a point at the back wall.
Each year the winter solstice event at Newgrange is a remarkable celebration, there are many who want to attend the solstice happening and they gather at dawn to see this event. There are so many and the tomb is so small that Newgrange holds a lottery every year to grant access to the few that can fit in the tomb. It must be one of those lifetime events that will live in your memory for ever.
The guides at Newgrange are incredible, their passion, their storytelling and their love for the place is unparalleled we are grateful that the tours are guided by such passionate, devoted caretakers who make the experience that much more profound.
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