Semana Santa in Spain celebrating Easter and holy week in Spain

Semana Santa in spain is a truly joyous occasion anyone who knows me knows that I don’t do ‘religion’ or church of any description. However, I have to say being in Spain for Holy Week (Semana Santa) has been moving and inspiring. Celebrations in Spain often take place over days and weeks depending on the festival. What does Semana mean in English? The translation of Semana is week and Santa is holy.

What is Semana Santa? Celebrating Holy Week in Spain

Semana Santa is also called La Madruga, which is the night between Holy Thursday and Good Friday and it is the most important religious celebration in Spain, (Semana Santa in English is Holy Week).

Semana Santa Traditions in Spain

Semana Santa (Easter) in Spain dates back to the 16th century which is when the Catholic Church decided to make the story of the Passion of Christ one that the ordinary people could not only participate in but thoroughly understand and get involved in.

What is Semana Santa? Celebrating Holy Week in Spain

They decided to create scenes from the Passion that would be paraded through the streets of Spain for the benefit of everyone.  The Andalusian Semana starts on the Sunday before Easter and lasts until Easter Sunday itself, but in some areas of Spain Semana Santa lasts longer. These holy week processions carry on throughout the week.

I was lucky enough to enjoy a Semana Santa celebration in Salobrena Sain which is located in Granada province I was also lucky enough to enjoy a Semana Santa celebration in Salobrena Sain, which is located in Granada province, home to the famous Alhambra Palace and one of the best paradors in Spain.

What is Semana Santa? Celebrating Holy Week in Spain

History of Semana Santa in Spain

Semana Santa, or Holy Week, in Spain is a deeply rooted religious tradition that commemorates the passion, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Its history dates back centuries, intertwining with Spain’s rich cultural and religious heritage.

The origins of Semana Santa can be traced back to medieval times when Catholicism was deeply ingrained in Spanish society. However, its current form and elaborate processions evolved over the centuries.

One significant influence on Semana Santa was the Catholic Church’s efforts during the Counter-Reformation to reinvigorate religious fervor among the faithful. This led to the establishment of confraternities or brotherhoods, which played a central role in organizing the processions and rituals of Semana Santa.

These confraternities were often formed by laypeople, who would come together to express their devotion through acts of penance and public worship. Each confraternity typically focused on the veneration of a particular image of Christ or the Virgin Mary, and they would parade these sacred images through the streets during Holy Week.

The tradition of elaborate processions, with participants dressed in traditional robes and carrying statues and religious symbols, became a defining feature of Semana Santa in Spain. These processions are accompanied by somber music, incense, and prayers, creating a solemn atmosphere that reflects the gravity of the events being commemorated.

Semana Santa is celebrated with particular fervor in various regions of Spain, with cities like Seville, Malaga, and Valladolid hosting some of the most renowned and elaborate processions. Each region has its own unique traditions and customs associated with Semana Santa, but the central themes of faith, devotion, and remembrance remain consistent throughout the country.

Celebrating Semana Santa in Salobrena Andalusia

I was lucky enough to celebrate Holy Week in Granada Province in Salobrena. The history of Salobreña dates back over 6000 years, with the Mediterranean sea in front of it and the Sierra Nevadas to the back, surrounded by sugar cane fields Salobreña has been a Spanish holiday village for many years.  

Its Moorish castle was built in the 10th century, and its Mudejar 16th-century church, Iglesia de Nuestra Señora del Rosario is built on top of the old mosque. Roman ruins and archaeological finds turn up everywhere.

astillo Salobrena Granada

Salobreña is a village that is either uphill or downhill there is nothing in between until you get to the playa or beach. The Semana Santa processions must wind their way through some incredibly narrow streets as you can see from the photos. Often accompanied by a man with a metal pole to hold up the wires that might impede the passage of the ‘tronos’ as they pass by. The censers carried by the penitents waft sweet-scented smoke across the narrow streets and the air is full of the perfume of lilies.

Semana Santa Holy Week and Spanish Culture FAQs

Celebrating Semana Santa in Spain a group of men carrying a tronos with a statue of Mary on top

Holy Week in Andalusia – Semanan Santa Celebrations?

Semana Santa as it’s celebrated today was born in the 16th century. It was the idea of the Catholic Church, as a way of explaining the story of the Passion of Christ to non-religious folk. Throughout the week, parts of the story of the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus are told through different processions.

What happens at Semana Santa?

Wikipedia says that – Holy Week in Spain is the annual tribute to the Passion of Jesus Christ celebrated by Catholic religious brotherhoods (Spanish: cofradía) and fraternities that perform penance processions on the streets of almost every Spanish city and town during the last week of Lent, the week immediately before Easter.

What happens during Semana Santa in Spain?

What is Semana Santa? Celebrating Holy Week in Spain

The main component of Semana Santa in Spain are the parades. Parades and Semana Santa processions in Spain vary from city to city, the basic parts are the same. Every day there are processions from the various brotherhoods (cofradias) in the city.

What is a cofradia?

These brotherhoods are known as cofradías and date back to the middle ages. They are always made up of men whose members take part in carrying the tronos (floats).

What are the nazarenos semana santa?

The “Nazarenos” are the members of the “cofradías” who participate in the processions. They are also known as the “penitentes” or penitent ones. You will see many of these local people wearing cone-shaped hats and robes during the parades.

Why do they wear cone-shaped hats for Semana Santa?

What is Semana Santa? Celebrating Holy Week in Spain

According to an article in Spanish at Wikipedia, the cone is supposed to symbolise a sort of rising towards the heavens and therefore this part of the Nazarenes’ dress is designed to bring their penitence closer to the heavens. These face and head coverings are called capirote.

What are pasos in Semana Santa?

Paso are traditionally floats with more than one figure.

What is la Madruga?

The most significant night of the Semana Santa tradition is Holy Thursday leading into Good Friday. Madrugá comes from the Spanish word madrugada meaning early morning. One of the most important processions during this night is the Macarena, which also happens to be one of the biggest and most-watched of the whole celebration

What is Semana Santa in English?

Semana Santa in English means Holy Week.

What is the origin of Semana Santa?

Semana Santa as it’s celebrated today began in the 16th century. It was the idea of the Catholic Church, as a way of explaining the story of the Passion of Christ to churchgoers who couldn’t read or didn’t follow the Catholic religion.

What are the thrones of Semana Santa in Spain?

The thrones or Tronos as they are called are usually single figure floats with Mother Mary or Jesus Christ.

Getting off the tourist trail in Spain and finding unique places to visit

How is Semana Santa Celebrated in Spain? Everything you need to know

Procession during the Semana Santa in Salamanca, Spain.(this is the Holy week before Easter).At the background the cathedral of Salamanca. The old city of Salamanca is an Unesco World Heritage site

Easter celebrations  in Spain begin with parades. The Holy Week celebrations (Semana Santa) are the seven days leading up to Easter Sunday. The parades take an average of 4 hours to traverse the hills and narrow streets of most towns and villages in Spain. Imagine carrying a ‘Trono’s weighing literally a few thousand kilos on your shoulders while marching for over 4 hours.

children getting ready for Semana Santa in Spain

Often you will see members of the Cofradia wearing blindfolds while carrying the floats. These are used to signify that the person is making an extra sacrifice to carry the ‘Trono’ and ask God for special favours (but not for themselves).

masked penitent in Salobrena carrying the Semana Santa Tronos

Semana Santa in Spain – Pasos & Tronos

In most Spanish Easter processions, participants carry large floats or pasos. Pasos generally have more than one figure depicted on them, for example, there are pasos with a full replica of the last supper. The ‘tronos’ tend to be thrones for one figure such as Christ or his Mother Mary.

cofradia or brotherhood carrying a float in the Semana Santa parade

The floats are festooned with flowers and candles and are the focal point of the procession. Many brotherhoods have owned and preserved their pasos for hundreds of years. These floats are decorated with hundreds of candles and masses of beautiful lilies. The air is perfumed with incense from the censers and the flowers decorating the ‘tronos’.

Procession of the Virgin Mary of the Solitude

During Semana Santa, elaborate and sombre processions take place throughout the week culminating in the silent  Procession of the Virgin of the Solitude.

beautiful tronos or float of the Virgin Mary Semana Santa Spain

The tronos (throne or float) of the Virgin, depict the Mother of Christ in deep mourning with no fancy adornment or jewels. This procession is strictly for women, they carry the tronos and walk the streets in silence which is incredibly moving.

crowds celebrating Semana Santa in Salobrena Spain

Procession of the Cofradias

Before the Procession of the Virgin of the Solitude, there is the Procession of the Cofradía del Santo Sepulcro y Cofradia de Maria de Los Dolores y Cofradia San Juan Evangelista. These ‘brotherhoods’  or Cofradias (whose members take part in the processions) are a historic tradition in Spain, with many dating back to the Middle Ages. Semana Santa processions are also known as ‘penance processions’ and involve members of the brotherhood (nazarenos) parading from their church to the city’s cathedral.

Holy Week in Spain celebrating Easter and he is risen

What are the Capirote?

The citizens taking part in Semana Santa processions are called penitents and they dress in the traditional capirote which is a tall conical hat that is believed to bring the wearer closer to god (in no way shape or form related to the KKK usage in the USA).

What is Semana Santa? Celebrating Holy Week in Spain

The capirote traditionally covers the face and is worn with a robe and cape, usually in the colours of the Cofradia the penitents adhere to. Capirotes used to be reserved for people doing penance: as a sign of atoning for their sins, they would walk through the town wearing the hat, their faces covered so they could not be recognized as sinners.

What is Semana Santa? Celebrating Holy Week in Spain

Women often wear the mantilla, a black lace veil worn high on the back of the head.

What is Semana Santa? Celebrating Holy Week in Spain

Music during Semana Santa

Music is a hugely important part of Semana Santa processions – most are accompanied by live marching bands that play religious music, and there is also the ‘saeta’. You can learn more about the history and customs behind Semana Santa in Andalucia here.

live music band celebrating Semana Santa in Spain

The Saeta

The saeta is a very old traditional Spanish religious song. The Spanish word saeta has different meanings -“arrow“, “bud of a vine”, “hand of a clock” or “magnetic needle”. Since the 19th-century saetas include elements of flamenco. During the procession, a saetero usually sings from one of the balconies along the road.

The saeta is a very old traditional Spanish religious song. The Spanish word saeta has different meanings -“arrow“, "bud of a vine", "hand of a clock" or "magnetic needle". Since the 19th-century saetas include elements of flamenco. During the procession, a saetero usually sings from one of the balconies along the road.

What traditional foods are eaten during Semana Santa España

Semana Santa, like any other festival, has its own special flavours and this is especially during this week because traditionally Catholics are not supposed to eat meat.

La Mona de Pascua is the traditional cake prepared for Semana Santa, especially in the regions of Catalonia and Valencia. Many consider this colourful cake to be a delicious end to Lent.

What is Semana Santa? Celebrating Holy Week in Spain

Very similar to ‘French Toast’, torrijas are a speciality eaten all over Spain, particularly throughout the week before Easter, here in Spain however they can be soaked in wine instead of milk.

Spa de Ajo is a soup made of garlic, pepper, and chicken broth, served t most gatherings the soup is eaten with pieces of bread added into the soup and a hard-boiled egg. 

Bueñelos are small doughnuts covered with sugar and cinnamon.

Sweet donuts with cinnamon sticks powdered with sugar on a old wooden table.

Bartolillo madrileño is a fried dough filled with creamy custard and when fried coated with powdered sugar.

Flores de Semana Santa, these little treats translate as ‘fried flowers’, they are delicate with a sweet and crunchy texture.

What is Semana Santa? Celebrating Holy Week in Spain

Potaje de Vigilia is a stew traditionally served on Good Friday, and it includes chickpeas, spinach, garlic, onion, pepper, and a hard-boiled egg.

What is Semana Santa? Celebrating Holy Week in Spain
Chickpea stew with cod. Potaje de Vigilia

I travelled through Spain housesitting and being a digital nomad and I always suggest protecting yourself when travelling to Spain. Try using VeePN apk when connecting to public Wi-Fi to prevent personal data leaks. 

Semana Santa, or Holy Week, is a captivating and deeply rooted religious festival celebrated in Spain. This sacred time of the year holds significant cultural and spiritual importance, drawing countless visitors from around the world. The elaborate processions, enchanting music, and fervent atmosphere create an unforgettable experience for those who witness it firsthand.

ARCOS DE LA FRONTERA,SPAIN-APRIL,21 2000: A group of female bearers carrying a religious float (known as a Tronos) in the processions held to participate in the procession.

Steeped in tradition and accompanied by intricate floats, devout penitents, and the rhythmic beat of drums, Semana Santa showcases Spain’s rich heritage and unwavering faith. Whether you are a believer or simply appreciate the beauty of cultural traditions, visiting Semana Santa in Spain is an awe-inspiring journey that leaves an indelible mark on the soul.

Interested in more articles to read about Spain?

Cartagena Spain

Ultimate Southern Spain Road Trip

The Best Things To Do in Valencia

Visiting Caravaca de la Cruz

8 Unique places to visit in Spain

Mojácar Spain: the perfect guide to this charming village

Best 5 Places to Visit in Seville, Spain

Gaudi in Barcelona – the ultimate guide to Gaudi’s work in Barcelona

Tabernas desert a wild and barren landscape in Spain


  • Faith was born in Ireland raised in Canada and has lived in over 10 countries in Europe including England, Ireland, Scotland, France, Spain, Northern Ireland, Wales, along with Mexico, Antigua, the US and has slow travelled to over 40 countries around the world. Graduating with a degree in Anthropology and Women's Studies Faith is a student of history, culture, community and food and has written about these topics for over 40 years.

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3 thoughts on “What is Semana Santa? Celebrating Holy Week in Spain”

  1. Truth is easy, lies are hard because you have to keep coming up with new stuff when the truth comes out (eventually liars slip up, especially the ignorant and arrogant ones). The capirote is a ceremonial outfit that was dawned by Egyptian high priests in multiple lands (current land names would be Ireland, Scotland, Spain, America, Egypt, yes they got around). This outfits were brought to Spain by the Moors when they came and ruled from 711 to about 1492 (sounds familar). Let me be specific, these were not Arabs, they were dark, nappy-haired men, who brought with them silks, animal skins (like crocodiles), antiseptics, soap, and harems. These men were the originators and endorsers of Spain’s present-day Christianity, Islam (mostly removed), and Judaism (yes you could practice all 3 openly). The capirote is based on style (especially the black and red ones), they later became connected with the Black Hand. The Grand Dragon that is now associated with the KKK is derived from the outfit “origins’ in Egypt due to it being worn by worshippers of Set-Typhon which is the great (or grand) dragon, also known as Apep or Leviathan. The druids wore the same outfits in Ireland, Albion, and Scotland. Gee I wonder who was under those hoods, oh wait I know the same faces in Egypt, the same faces in Spain, the same faces in America, etc. The outfits remain but the people under the masks were swapped. This uniform was not meant to be seen by the masses (regular people) and it influenced outfits worn by members of magic, sorcery & secret society groups such as the OTO, Rosicrucians, Masonic Orders, etc. The mask is basically the same as the wizard and witch hat. You paint your face black, dress up and run around town each year in “honor” of the Moors but you know little of the black men that shaped your country from 711 to 1492 and the world as you know it (and don’t know it).

  2. Andalucia is one of the perfect destinations to visit in spring and hola week. The April fair in Seville and Holy Week. Seville is a beautiful city. Betis and Triana streets. The gold tower and its bullring.

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