Traditional Food of Spain
Traditional Spanish food and in particular Andalusian cuisine hails from the region of Southern Spain and it has been influenced by a multitude of flavours, from North African to Moors, Christians, Jews, and Romans.
Regional Andalusian cuisine includes; gazpacho, gambas (shrimp) right at the waters edge, octopus, paellas, almorejo (an almond soup) and a host of other delicacies.
- Traditional Food of Spain
- The History of Tapa
- What is the difference between a Pincho, Tapa and Raciones?
- What to eat & when in Spain
- Lunch/Almuerzo – La Comida
- Tapas in Andalucia
Andalucía is best known for its beaches, sunny weather and flamenco and tourists flock to Andalusia for the sun and vacation vibes. Food plays a hugely important part in that Spanish culture and eating out is a big part of that. Andalusian cuisine is quite distinctive and relies heavily on seasonal produce and seafood fresh from the ocean.
Spanish food is so reasonably priced in Andalucía, and tapas is the preferred way to spend an evening. Most villages and towns in this part of Spain still include either a free tapa with a drink or a tapear can be ordered for a minimum of €1 euro each. Eating tapa by the ocean is a beautiful way to spend the day so head to your nearest chiringuito – a beach-side restaurant, and enjoy some tapa.
The history of Andalucía is all within the food served here. A strongly agricultural region Andalusia is deeply influenced by the land and the sea. Most of us have heard of tapas but Andalusian cuisine is so much more than that.
The region allows for the harvesting of 5 plantings of most fruit and veg per year, this means that strawberries, eggplant, artichokes, tomatoes, leeks, and a cornucopia of fruit and veg are available year-round. There is also the incredible healthy olives and olive oils, Iberico and Serrano Jamon, almonds, and seafood not seen in Canada and the U.S.A.
If you are a dessert person you should try some great Spanish Desserts and Cakes. The various regions of Spain, including Andalucia, have some phenomenal custards and cakes dating back to medieval times that must be tried to be appreciated.
The History of Tapa
One fine day King Alfonso XIII was visiting various parts of his kingdom and he stopped in Cadiz at the Ventorrillo del Chato. A very strong wind meant that the sand and dust was blowing into his drink of sherry. An enterprising waiter covered the Kings sherry with a slice of Jamon. The King asked why and the waiter explained his actions and the King then ordered his next drink with this cover of topping or ‘tapear’ which is where the name tapa comes from. To this day the art of tapa or little toppings of food has become an art, particularly in the Andalucia region.
What is the difference between a Pincho, Tapa and Raciones?
In the Basque country, they serve pinchos or pinxtos which comes from the Spanish verb ‘pinchar’, which means ‘to pierce’. The main difference between pinchos and tapas is that pinchos uses toothpicks to keep the food on top of the bread. If you are eating pinchos you must save your toothpick as this is how the waiter calculates your tab.
Similar to ordering Chinese food raciones are simply larger portions of the single tapas. It could be a plate of grilled sardines or anchovies, a platter of honey drizzled eggplant or some deep-fried squid rings.
There is quite a bit of variation within the cuisine but some dishes remain classics. Usually, every restaurant will serve a Menu del Dia which simply means Menu of the Day and will include 3 courses. The majority of restaurants will also serve tapas when you order an alcoholic based drink, for every drink you may get one free tapas or in some cases you can order different tapas for around €1-2 per tapa.
It can be a bit confusing if you are new to the area but the Spanish have a very different way of eating throughout the day with their heaviest meal at what we consider lunchtime. Here is how a typical Andalusian day would go.
What to eat & when in Spain
Unlike our heavier North American or United Kingdom style breakfasts the Spanish tend to prefer a much lighter fare and a sweeter one. The Spanish love freshly squeezed orange juice (Naranja) and coffee for breakfast. Desayuno is usually served from 7 am until 11 am
How to order coffee in Spain
Coffee in Andalusia is quite different from coffee elsewhere in Spain there are very distinct differences particularly in the Malaga area as the photo demonstrates.
These are some of the coffee variations to choose from:
Café Solo is a strong, black espresso.
Café Americano basically a shot of espresso with hot water to give a milder cup of coffee.
Café Cortado is an espresso with a splash of milk
Cafe Manchao is a few drops of milk in your coffee
Cafe Nube is just enough coffee to flavour hot milk
Cafe Sombra has slightly more coffee than Nube
Café con Hielo an espresso served with a glass of ice to pour the coffee over.
Café con Leche is equal parts steamed milk and espresso.
Churros & chocolate
Similar to the doughnut and coffee breakfast in N.A the Spanish like their churros crispy and served with a sweet hot chocolate drink that tastes like a melted milk chocolate bar. Delicious when you dip your churro into your chocolate or simply sprinkle sugar on the churro and dip into your Cafe con Leche.
Tostada con Aceite y Tomate
Andalucian cuisine calls for a very light breakfast. A tostada is simply a toasted bun or pitufo that has been drizzled with olive oil, the bun is then topped with pureed fresh tomato and if you want you can add queso (cheese) or Jamon (ham). You can order a media which is a half order or a full order. The pitufo is an oblong-shaped thin crusty roll that is around 7-8 inches in length.
from 11 am until around noon the Spanish take a break to hold them over until dinner. This is usually a snack of a small sandwich or bocadillo but you have to save your appetite for lunch that is the Spanish main meal of the day.
Lunch/Almuerzo – La Comida
Lunch usually takes place from around 2 pm until 4 pm and don’t forget many Spanish areas still have a siesta from 2-5 pm. This is the main meal of the day, so keep your eyes out for the menú del día or set menu. These are generally a set price from around 8 Euros and up and include a soup or salad, bread, the main meal of fish or meat, a beverage, then coffee and dessert.
One of the Spanish lunch favourites is the Spanish tortilla, served warm or cold as tapa it is as far removed from a Mexican tortilla as you can get. Essentially it is like a quiche but the base is fried potatoes with an egg mixture on top. The mixture can have chorizo or manchego cheese added and it makes the perfect light lunch.
I have to say a word or more here about Andalusian cold soups – can I just say from a die-hard fan of hot soup I debated trying the Spanish soups but they are simply amazing. Fresh, light, filled with flavour a wonderful taste treat that you should try immediately.
Andalucia’s trademark food is a cold soup or liquid salad made with fresh, raw vegetables.
Gazpacho Andalucia, in one form or dates back as far as the country itself. It probably derives from a Roman dish, a sort of gruel of bread and oil. The name gazpacho may come from the Latin Caspa, meaning fragments or little pieces, referring to the breadcrumbs which are such an essential ingredient.
The Moorish influence is evident too, especially in some of the variations on the basic theme, such as Ajo Blanco, made with ground almonds.
Of course, none of those forerunners of gazpacho contained tomatoes, considered basic today. That’s because tomatoes were unknown in Spain, until after the discovery of the New World.
Gazpacho belongs especially to Andalusia, southern Spain. Here day labourers working in vineyards, olive plantations, citrus groves, wheat fields or cork forests were given rations of bread and oil for their meals. Bread soaked in water made a simple soup, to which was added oil, garlic and salt for flavour, plus whatever fresh vegetables were available–tomatoes, peppers and cucumbers in the summer.
Everything was pounded together in a mortar or dornillo, a large wooden bowl. Gazpacho provided nourishment quenched the thirst and sustained a body working in the hot sun.
Andalusian Salmorejo is a cold, creamy tomato soup, originating in Córdoba, Spain and is Gazpacho’s “cousin.” Made with tomatoes, bread, oil, garlic and vinegar, it is a beautiful deep pink-orange, summer soup that is sure to refresh. Garnish with diced Serrano or Iberico ham and hard-boiled eggs.
Sopa de Ajo Blanco
Cold white garlic soup or “Sopa de Ajo Blanco” is zesty, but very refreshing. It is easy, quick and healthy. Although very creamy, it contains no dairy! Almonds give this soup its creamy white texture and colour. It is served with diced apple and raisins on the side which adds a hint of sweet freshness to the soup.
Another popular lunch dish is a fruit salad – but these salads are like nothing you have ever tasted before. Full of fresh fruit served on a platter no dressing, no salad nothing to interfere with the fabulous freshness and sweetness of Spanish grown seasonal fruits.
Unlike North Americans or the Brits, dinner is not served in Spain until quite late. From 5-7 pm is the time is when people go out for their paseo or afternoon stroll around town, and also when folks stop for some people watching and a cold beverage or coffee.
Dinner or La Cena usually takes place from 9 pm-midnight. This is a much lighter version of lunch with a set menu as well. Many Spanish however simply go out for raciones or larger versions of Tapas.
Paella is, of course, one of the most popular and well-known dishes of Spain and there are as many versions of paella in Spain as there are doughnuts in America. Outside of Spain paella is considered the National dish but within Spain, it is specifically a Valencian dish. Paella gets its name from the traditional flat round pan that allows a crust to be formed on the bottom of the pan by the rice. Paella actually means frying pan in Valencian.
Paella Valenciana is the traditional paella of Valencia and is considered the most authentic. Traditionally the recipe is round grain rice original recipe, bajoqueta and tavella which are types of green beans, lima or butter beans, rabbit, chicken, sometimes duck. When in season artichoke hearts are often added. The recipe always includes Olive Oil, Saffron and sometimes rosemary.
The favourite paella’s in Spain include a Paella de Marisco which is seafood and can include oysters, prawns, clams, and mussels. In Garrucha, they have a paella using sweet red prawns that can only be found in that particular region. Paella Mixta is a combination of meats and beans with seasonal vegetables.
Spanish Jamón Ibérico
The absolute pinnacle of Andalusian cuisine has to be the Jamón. There are four classifications of Jamón Ibérico, made from the Ibérico breed pig. The classifications reflect the breed of pig, the per cent of pure Ibérico genetics in the pig and the quantity of acorns they eat (the word “acorns” is translated as “bellota”).
Ibérico de Bellota hams are from Ibérico pigs that are essentially free-range and live outdoors most of their lives. In the last three months before they are butchered, they spend their time feasting on the acorns in the region of Dehesa. The ham is then cured and left to age for up to 4 years.
The ham that is produced from these pigs is unique in the world: it is a nutty, rich melt in your mouth slice. The ham is deeply marbled with fat which contains healthy mono triglycerides (like olive oil) that melt at room temperature. Jamón Ibérico de Bellota as is known as the “Beluga caviar of hams.”
Spanish Jamón Serrano
Jamón Serrano comes from white pigs of the Duroc or Landrace breeds. These pigs are raised on farms, rather than open ranges, and fed a diet of cereals. They are cured in Spain for 8 months to two years.
Tapas in Andalucia
Tapa is generally speaking small plates of a variety of appetizers (served all over Spain but highly praised here in Andalusia) that can be ordered direct from the menu in some restaurants or Tapas Bars these usually come at a cost of one Euro or so. Some places offer a small selection of 4 or 5 tapas that are free with a drink.
Russian salad is one of the favourite tapas here and it is a simple potato salad with tuna, corn and hardboiled egg mixed with mayonnaise.
Another top favourite is croquette which is chopped ham and meat in a bechamel sauce which is then dipped in breadcrumbs and deep-fried.
Deep-fried eggplant with sugar cane honey
A simple dish of batter-dipped and fried eggplant served drizzled with Sugar Cane honey which is only found in Andalusia and Salobrena is the region that produces it.
Originally introduced to Spain by the Moors Miel de Caña is honey or molasses derived from sugar cane which is only grown in the Andalucia region.
The list is endless. The meatball tapas are great served in a light tomato sauce and usually with a side of french fries or chips to the British.
It’s Spain home to some of the best olives and olive oil in the world and you can’t go wrong with a plate of olives served with beer as your tapas.
Anchovies – boquerones
Anchovies are usually served in a vinegar marinade which is olive oil, garlic and parsley. These are fresh anchovies, not sardines and are usually eaten on a piece of crusty bread. Anchovies are also served on many Spanish beaches fried over hot coals.
A simple salad with mayonnaise, grated carrots and surimi served with a slice of crusty bread.
Pulpo is another very common tapa it comes thinly sliced and sometimes battered served with sea salt and paprika on a bed of lettuce.
It is an immense world to discover that you cannot miss if you visit Spain. Andalucia, the birthplace of this special cuisine, is the place for you to try to “go out for tapas”.
Manchego Cheese & Jamon
If you are a total cheesehead like me you will have experienced the Spanish delight called Manchego cheese, although it is made in the Western part of Spain, it is celebrated all over the country. Manchego is an unpasteurized sheep’s cheese that comes in several forms from soft cheese to a hard cured wheel.
If you really want to explore Andalusian Cuisine then you need to look into some of the awesome food tours that are available. This information is taken from their websites and is a fantastic way to really experience the food of this region with experts.
Have you been to Spain yet?