The Temple of Artemis, Ephesus, Turkey
Sadly this once great sight and one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World lies in neglected ruins. Near Ephesus and on the way to Mary’s House in Turkey the Temple of Artemis was 4 times larger than the Parthenon and was described as the largest temple and place of worship for the Greek Goddess Artemis. The temple has been rebuilt many times in its long history and today only vendors and tourists visit the site regularly.
History of the Temple of Artemis
The temple was built in a marshy area which was chosen to prevent damage from future earthquakes. The Cult of Artemis constructed the temple in 650BC on a site that was sacred to the Mother Goddess, Cybele. The wonder and splendor of the temple attracted both pilgrims and worshippers from far and wide and the Cult of the Goddess was strengthened until, it was said the night that Alexander the Great was born. An arsonist who wanted to become immortal set fire to the temple but Artemis was busy with Alexander’s birth that she could not save her temple in time.
Twenty-two years later, during his sweep through Asia Minor, Alexander the Great offered to reconstruct the temple. In the famous refusal recorded by Strabo, the Ephesians said it would not be right for one god to build a temple to another god.
The Temple of Artemis was eventually rebuilt remaining true to the original concept but with the addition of a raised platform. However by 263 AD, the Temple was first plundered by the Emperor Nero and then eventually destroyed by the goths. It was reconstructed again in the 4th century, only to be abandoned and stripped of its marble by the end of the century.
The site of the temple was discovered in 1869 on an expedition sponsored by the British Museum, and several artifacts and sculptures from the reconstructed temple can be seen in the museum today. Standing tall in the marsh is the one surviving column which suggests the grandeur of the original temple. According to Pliny 127 columns similar to the one remaining made up the Temple, each one was over 60 feet in height and many decoratively carved.
The Temple of Artemis was adorned by many fine sculptures and statues. The inside was gilded and painted and according to legend many of the sculptures were tributes to the Amazons who were said to have founded Ephesus. Unfortunately, all that remains is a single column and some rubble on the ground. Some of the stone is believed to have been used for the nearby mosque and most of the archaeological remains have been removed to the British Museum.’
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